Archive for August, 2009

Clunkers V’s Spankers – saving energy? or just greenwash – a bushy’s view

August 31, 2009

A case study in greenwash – an Australian bushies view –
—-US The Spanker for a Clunker scheme uses more energy that it saves—-
Clunkers V’s Spankers NEA (Net Energy Analysis for similar vehicle but newer basis) Calculations viz. replacing Clunkers with Spankers (S4C scheme) [US terms and scheme (also similar schemes are operational in the UK and Japan)]

Aspect The Clunker
TEE (Total Embodied Energy Units) 10
Reuse Energy *
Net Recycle Energy (NRE) 01***
Operational Energy Saving (OES) 01****
Total (∑) lost

Aspect Your new Spanker
TEE (Total Embodied Energy) 10
Reuse Energy **
Net Recycle Energy (NRE)
Operational Energy Saving (OES)
Total (∑) 10 cost

Grand Total (∑∑) Energy Used in one Clunker – Spanker swap over = 19.4 energy units
Source: P Wildman 10-08-2009:

NB: * at least 70% of the car is reusable at least once indicate this potential will not be harvested because the motors are destroyed as part of the C4C US program.** less of the mechanical and electrical systems are field reusable – deliberate design parameter. *** In the US the motors are destroyed so that the vehicle is unsuitable then for the wreckers/reuse/second hand car parts market. A clunker is a vehicle most of which are operating effectively with 95%+ of their parts functioning, that can be field repaired, being replaced by more recent model with marginally better fuel efficiency yet vastly less field serviceability and reusability (shifts costs from the manufacturer to owner – greenwashing) + net energy indicates the energy going into the recycling process inc. transport, heat, equipment, labour, parts separation (generally does not occur) etc. cp. that coming out. My standpoint guesstimate is that recycling takes more energy than it replaces. **** net efficacious OES – relative small as petrol use over life differential 4cyl cp. 4cyl is minimal and field maintenance cannot occur the owner must pay higher garage per hour costs for proprietary maintenance etc.

Observations:(1) To replace a clunker with a spanker will cost 19.4 units of embodied energy cp. 0.3 units to repair the motor of the clunker if that was necessary.
(2) At least as much energy can be saved on the clunker by correct tyre inflations and proper driving behaviour as can be saved by driving the slightly more fuel efficient spanker.
(3) Another approach is to check car exhausts and proscribe changes necessary to meet certain emission standards
(4) The S4C scheme is nothing other than using taxpayers’ dollars (a car owner gets several thousand dollars per clunker ‘recycled’ in this program) to prop up the auto industry a form of tariff that discriminates against the poor and has a massive net environmental loss – often sold as an environmental program – this is a case in unethical behaviour a particularly nasty example of greenwashing.
(5) The issue isn’t the marginal improvement in efficiency (but drop in efficacy) it is the fact both are still petrol – nor does electricity solve anything unless it is solar. The whole shemozzle just distracts us from the main game getting an alternative to petrol that bypasses the petrol cartel and empowers us to reuse and repair as our g’parents did.

Paul Wildman
V4 @ 01-09-2009 comm. 10-08-2009: 500 words


Toxic plastics degrade ocean

August 21, 2009

Bad News about Plastic: Degrading Poisons into Ocean Water
by Jan Lundberg / Steve Connor
21 August 2009
ImageToday’s world requires as never before that we all accept change and be part of it proactively. Mounting evidence shows there is no time to wait for people to decide to catch on in their own time. No better example of this exists than the plastic plague. Until we stop participating in trashing the planet and ourselves we are slashing away at our planetary wrists in ecocide.

Is it so hard to make sure a vendor does not provide a plastic straw in our drink, and is it so hard to avoid buying a new handy gadget? The right choices are easy much of the time, but nearly impossible sometimes. This demonstrates the strangle-hold industrial culture has on our lives, as long as the economy continues to provide goods and set the tone for lifestyle.

Since the Northern Pacific Garbage Patch — a plastic soup twice the size of Texas — was discovered in 1997, and from subsequent research, it was thought that plastic did not degrade except for breaking down into smaller pieces. It was known that plastic leached poisonous petrochemicals and heavy metals into the environment and into animals and humans.

Now the story unfolds some more, most alarmingly, as the article below shows. Plastics in the ocean and on land seemed static enough, although they were known to be in part ingested and passed up the food chain — bioaccumulating. But sea water with bisphenol-A as a constituent? This new discovery ought to ratchet up the agenda to fight the plastic disaster. The old model of educating consumers bit by bit year after year, and passing compromise-based legislation, has failed — time is now too short.

Clearly it is time to shut down the plastics industries because the mess only grows. The petroleum industry will continue to spew plastics and greenhouse-gas emissions, among other pollutants, as long as people buy these products and believe that such corporations have a right to do this. Belief in our present form of government as protector of the people and of the environment is mislaid.

Trying to live sustainably and being the change we want to see is laudable but only goes so far in the present circumstances. Therefore, collapse of the industrial system will have to take place before significant changes, such as the termination of more plastics into the environment, can happen.

Charles Moore, the sailor who discovered the Northern Pacific Garbage Patch and who has dedicated his life’s work to fighting the plastic plague, warns that unless consumers cut back on their use of disposable plastics, the plastic stew would double in size over the next decade. (Feb. 4, 2008, The Independent – UK)

This was a shocking, radical statement at the time. As the picture gets worse as it comes into focus, it is time to boycott petroleum and starve the corporate state of any material or moral support. How much worse can it be if we have to reinvent human relations with a sane value system, where caring for the Earth is not secondary to economic growth?

Scientists uncover new ocean threat from plastics
By Steve Connor, Science Editor
The Independent – UK
20 August 2009

Plastic pollution is not just unsightly but it could be to toxic to humans and animals

Scientists have identified a new source of chemical pollution released by the huge amounts of plastic rubbish found floating in the oceans of the world. A study has found that as plastics break down in the sea they release potentially toxic substances not found in nature and which could affect the growth and development of marine organisms.

Until now it was thought that plastic rubbish is relatively stable chemically and, apart from being unsightly, its principle threat to living creatures came from its ability to choke or strangle any animals that either got caught in it or ingested it thinking it was food.

But the latest research suggests that plastic is also a source of dissolved substances that can easily become widely dispersed in the marine environment. Many of these chemicals are believed to toxic to humans and animals, the scientists said.

The scale of plastic pollution in the sea has only been widely recognised in recent years when sailing yachts reported vast areas of ocean, such as an area estimated to be twice the size of Texas in the North Pacific, that seem to be permanently covered in a layer of floating marine litter caught up in swirling ocean currents or gyres.

Some of the items were found to be many decades old, suggesting that the plastic took a long time to degrade. However, a study by Katsuhiko Saido at Nihon University in Chiba, Japan, has found that plastics degrade relatively quickly in the conditions and temperatures that were designed to simulate the environment of the open ocean.

“Plastics in daily use are generally assumed to be quite stable. We found that plastic in the ocean actually decomposes as it is exposed to the rain and sun and other environmental conditions, giving rise to yet another source of global contamination that will continue into the future,” Dr Saido said.

“To date, no studies have been conducted on plastic decomposition at low temperature in the environment owing to the mistaken conception that plastic does not decompose. The present study was conducted to clarify that drift plastic does indeed decompose to give rise to hazardous chemicals in the ocean,” he said.

The scientists found that when plastics decompose in the ocean they release a range of chemicals, such as bisphenol A and substances known as polystyrene-based (PS) oligomers, which are not found naturally. Bisphenol A has been implicated in disrupting the hormonal system of animals.

A common form of plastic rubbish is styrofoam, which soon gets crushed into small pieces in the sea. However, it also releases substantial quantities of a toxic substances called styrene monomer, which is known to cause cancer, as well as styrene dimers and trimer, which are suspected of being carcinogenic. The trimer also breaks down into the toxic monomer form.

Findings from the study were released yesterday at the American Chemical Society meeting in Washington. Dr Saido said that samples of seawater collected from the Pacific Ocean were found to be contaminated with up to 150 parts per million of some of these components of plastic decomposition.

“This study clearly shows new micro-pollution by compounds generated by plastic decomposition to be taking place out of sight in the ocean. Thus, marine debris plastics in the ocean will certainly give rise to new sources of global contamination that will persist long into the future,” he said.

It is estimated that there could be hundreds of millions of tons of plastic rubbish floating in the world’s oceans. In Japan alone, it is calculated that 150,000 tons of plastic is washed up on its shores each year.


* * * * *

Related article:
The world’s rubbish dump: a tip that stretches from Hawaii to Japan

Big Box Agriculture

August 20, 2009

August 19, 2009
Big Box Agriculture Transforms Grocers Into Growers
by Bridgette Meinhold

big box farm, suburban garden, suburban farm, big box retailer, redevelopment, reburbia, reburbia design competition, forrest fulton

Results are in for the ReBurbia competition to re-envision the suburbs, and we’re thrilled to count Forrest Fulton among the top three winners for his Big Box Agriculture proposal! This creative and adaptive design takes advantage of empty big-box retail stores and turns them into suburban organic farms, complete with in-house chefs, restaurants, and renewable energy generation.

big box farm, suburban garden, suburban farm, big box retailer, redevelopment, reburbia, reburbia design competition, forrest fulton

The very fabric of suburbia is changing as new areas develop and older areas are vacated, leaving behind empty buildings and cracking asphalt parking lots. This needn’t be the case – according to Fulton, big-box retail stores and strip malls can provide the opportunity for new growth in the form of suburban gardens and farms. Instead of just tearing everything down he proposes transforming these sites into organic farms and cutting out the middle-man retailer. Consumers can walk among the rows of produce and pick their fruit and vegetables right from the vine.

The asphalt parking lot would become an outdoor farm by layering soil and compost inside of containers placed directly on the lot, while solar trees spread throughout the fields generate power and pump it back into the grid. The roof of the big box store would partially be replaced with glass to create a greenhouse. After picking your produce, you could take it directly to an in-house chef who would prepare you a meal, or take it home with you. Imagine the gains the local food movement would face if Wal-Mart took a look at this idea and retrofitted their stores!

Big Box Agriculture’s innovative approach towards local food production netted it third place in the ReBurbia competition – be sure to check out the other winning designs selected by our judges in addition to the top 20 finalists and our favorite notable mentions.

+ Big Box Agriculture

Robot Farmers in Holland

August 20, 2009

Farming Robots Have a Field Day in Netherlands

Tractors and other large, motorized machines are a common site on today’s farms.

But a swarm of small robots could quite possibly replace these agricultural giants in farming of the future.

Wageningen University Agricultural Professor Eldert Van Henten thinks small machinery and robots are more efficient.

[Professor Eldert Van Henten, Wageningen University]:
“We can reduce the amount of chemicals we use by the very precise application and by doing so, we will also reduce emissions and residuals of chemicals on food.”

Putting theory into practice, students and engineers held a Field Robot Event at the Wageningen University campus last month.

They tested small, driveable machines averaging between 50 to 80 centimeters in width and no more than 40 centimeters in height. Cameras, sonar, infrared and GPS sensors helped the machines steer in the right direction.

The robots can distinguish between good and bad plants. They are designed to direct a detergent spray on weeds with such high precision that they avoid touching the crop itself.

The Field Robot Event tested the tiny machines’ ability to navigate and detect weeds.

[Professor Eldert Van Henten, Wageningen University]:
“What we see is that currently tractors are already using auto-steering and GPS so in a way we are supporting human labor with technology. The next step might be that the farmer is supervising one or two additional tractors, still having supervision and then further future might be that robots are truly autonomous on the field.”

It could take up to 10 or 20 years before micro robotic farming becomes a reality.

But, like ants have done for thousands of years, worker robots could be intelligently tilling and toiling the fields day and night without human help.

David Milstein

Hybrid Cars not cutting it

August 20, 2009

Hybrid Vehicles Failing to Produce Environmental Benefits

Despite government rebates for hybrids offered to consumers in U.S. and Canada, the programs are failing to produce environmental benefits, yet the programs continue to cost consumers. This according to a new study, “Green Drivers or Free Riders? An Analysis of Tax Rebates for Hybrid Vehicles,” from the University of British Columbia (UBC).

The study finds that hybrid sales have not replaced gas guzzling SUVS, but rather have replaced small, relatively fuel-efficient, conventional cars. Too bad considering SUVS, trucks and vans produce substantially greater carbon emissions.

Amarish Chandra, a professor at UBC’s Sauder School of Business and co-author of the study said, “If the intention of rebate programs is to replace gas guzzlers with hybrids, they are failing.”

He goes on to say that large vehicle sales have risen steadily since the introduction of hybrid rebates. The study also finds that the majority of consumers who purchase hybrids were not motivated to do so by government rebates.

“People are choosing hybrids over similarly priced small- and medium-sized conventional cars, which are not far behind hybrids for fuel efficiency and emissions,” says Chandra. “The reductions in carbon emissions are therefore not great.”

Hybrid rebate programs are currently offered by the governments of the U.S. and 13 states, including Washington, Oregon, Illinois and Colorado, and five Canadian provinces, including B.C., Ontario, Quebec, PEI and Manitoba. The Canadian government offered hybrid rebates during 2007-2008.

“Our estimates indicate that two-thirds of people who buy hybrids were going to buy them anyway,” said Chandra. “So for the majority, rebates are not changing behavior – they are subsidizing planned purchases.”

“When B.C.’s rebate jumped from $1,000 to $2,000 in 2005, the actual cost of reducing carbon emissions more than doubled,” he says, noting that Ontario recently increased its rebate to a maximum of $10,000 per hybrid vehicle. In the U.S. hybrid rebates can range from $900 up to $3,400 but some models no longer qualify, such as the Toyota and Honda hybrids. Apparently, the inefficiency of rebate programs rises disproportionately when governments increase rebate levels.

The study finds that Canadian provinces that offer rebates have spent an average of $195 per tonne of carbon saved or, equivalently, $0.43 for every litre of gasoline that a vehicle consumes over its 15 year average life expectancy.

But this isn’t enough. Chandra claims that governments could garner greater environmental benefits by purchasing carbon offsets (currently priced between $3 and $40 per tonne on carbon markets) or investing in green jobs and technologies. However, carbon offsets are a murky area, and the U.S. government has currently passed a cap and trade policy which I fondly call “crap and raid”.

While hybrid rebates help governments to appear environmentally progressive, Chandra suggests that some programs may serve as de facto “bailouts” for the North American auto industry.

“The criteria for Ontario’s recent rebate increase seem designed to benefit domestic manufacturers, especially General Motors,” Chandra says. “The biggest rebates will be given to purchasers of the Chevy Volt, rather than other hybrids like the Toyota Prius.”

In addition to Chandra, the other authors include Sumeet Gulati, assistant professor in UBC’s Dept. of Food and Resource Economics and Milind Kandlikar of UBC’s Liu Institute for Global Issues and Institute of Asian Research. Researchers used Canadian vehicle sales data over a 17-year period from 1989 to 2006. Results are believed to extend to the U.S. market, given the similarities between auto industries, in terms of vehicle buying patterns, pricing structures and car models.

Source: GO Media – Written by Joanna Schroeder – Image Credits: Earth Box Tomatoes. Creative Commons photo by Sugar Pond

‘Treat our Earth well – it was not given to us by our parents – it is loaned to us by our grandchildren’

Paul Wildman [Kalgrove Pty/Ltd – ]

The Buckminster Fuller Challenge – Design Science Revolution

August 18, 2009


Contact: JenJoy Roybal, Tel: 718.290.9283, Email:


August 17, 2009, NEW YORK CITY-The Buckminster Fuller Institute announces the call for entries to the 2010 Buckminster Fuller Challenge, an annual $100,000 prize program to support the development and implementation of a solution that has significant potential to solve humanity’s most pressing problems.

We all understand in part or whole the magnitude of the complex challenges facing humanity today; from climate change, energy and resource management, to keeping the ever-increasing human population fed for generations to come. Challenges of this magnitude require bold, visionary strategies; they require what Buckminster Fuller called “a design revolution”. Pieces of the complex puzzle to create an enduringly sustainable future for all are out there, but it will take more than an innovative gadget, isolated technological breakthrough, policy or process development to tackle the problems of our complex and interconnected world.

“We’re looking for comprehensive anticipatory design solutions that address multiple problems without creating new ones down the road – integrated strategies dealing with key social, economic, environmental, policy and cultural issues. Our entry criteria is deeply inspired by what Fuller termed comprehensive anticipatory design science – a methodological approach to solving complex problems that we feel holds an important key to how innovators need to be thinking about the design of strategies if they are to have a transformative effect on the system as a whole.” explains Elizabeth Thompson, Executive Director of the Buckminster Fuller Institute.

After decades of tracking world resources, innovations in science and technology, and human needs, Fuller asserted that options exist to successfully surmount the crises of unprecedented scope and complexity facing all humanity – he issued an urgent call for a design science revolution to make the world work for all.


-The deadline for entries is midnight (Eastern time) on OCTOBER 30, 2009.
-For the call for entries, instructions for how to enter, reference materials, and much more, visit:
-The members of this year’s distinguished jury will be announced in October. To see previous jury members visit: 2008-2009 Jury
-To view entries to the 2008 and 2009 Challenge, visit the Idea Index the Idea Index.
– To Watch the Buckminster Fuller Challenge video visit:
– To view the 2008 winner visit:
– To view the 2009 winner visit:

To unsubscribe from this newsletter, send email to this address.
To never receive email from The Buckminster Fuller Challenge, send email to this address.

This email is sent from:
The Buckminster Fuller Institute
181 N11th St, Suite 402
Brooklyn, 11211

SHAPE of things to come – Biowarfare

August 18, 2009

Biowarfare (BW) is part of the Holy Trinity: Gold, Oil, and Drugs
– the ‘GOD’ to whom we all pledge allegiance through our consumeristic lifestyles. We are all complicit, that is, these are humanity’s projects as a whole which could reap the whirlwind. Shaping our future by braiding both systems thinking and fractal logic based on Spirituality, Heartfulness, Abilities, Process, and Experience might help us overcome our flawed thinking and cultural myopia.

The Sickening Legacy of Biowarfare

By Iona Miller 8/2009

“The gods have become diseases…” –Carl Jung, Secret of the Golden Flower

“[Evil is] the exercise of political power—that is, the imposition of one’s will upon others by overt or covert coercion…” Or in other words, it is the use “of political power to destroy others,” for the purpose of defending or preserving the integrity of one’s sick self (or group).” –Scott Peck, People of the Lie

“In vast laboratories in the Ministry of Peace, and in experimental stations, teams of experts are indefatigably at work searching for new and deadlier gases; or for soluble poisons capable of being produced in such quantities as to destroy the vegetation of whole continents; or for breeds of disease germs immunized against all possible antibodies.” –George Orwell. 1984

Spore Wars

The abominable Trinity is War, Terror and Disease which combine in Biowarfare (BW). “Hot Stuff” is the trade term given to toxic, radiological, infectious and lethal biological and chemical agents by those in the Bioweapons Industrial Complex. The ABCs of mass destruction and biowarfare are Atomics, Biologicals, and Chemicals.
The legacy of BW may well be that no one is left to inherit it. Shall we “prey” on one another as nature dictates all mindless creatures and parasites do? What kind of “sexual revolution” goes headlong into the overdrive of autogenocide? It cannot be a sign of cultural health. The smoking gun of BW is pointed at us all with poor aim.

As an icon of biohazard, the skull reminds us all that we must die. Lost in denial, we prefer to ignore the Warning Signs – biohazards ahead. Decontamination needs to begin inside our skulls, within the psyche, for only there can we find peace.

Before the era of science, people used stories about gods and heroes to explain the world, including the mysteries of disease and death. Now, instead of merely understanding the disease process, we can manufacture old and new pathogens. Eris (Discordia) makes us wonder what the world would be like without monsters and calamity.

If half of the concerns about BW are true, all else is mute. The public hates to even think about the unthinkable, except beyond the current vaccine scares for flu and infants. The propaganda result is that each person takes the vaccine risks side effects including death, or doesn’t take it and risks the disease.

The question is, why do we institutionally poison and even kill ourselves? Rather than fantasies of defense, growth and control, we need to dig down to find and correct the faults in our cultural foundation, in our collective psyche. Our passions and our prudent and pointless paranoias are our fetters. We need to continually examine the Social Cradle from which our actions arise.

What are the roots of our collective self-defeating and self-destructive behavior? Some events are beyond our control and some are brewed up in our laboratories and institutions. BW could instantaneously make arguments over economic crisis, climate change, energy, and ecological carrying capacity or Cold War distractions moot. Why do some of our brightest individuals fail to realize the urgent need for ending the “suicidal war” between technosphere and ecosphere? Why are we nearly oblivious to such a momentous future-shaping condition?

To confront this specter, we have to face this hydra-headed Medusa, making it sharply visible. Naturally, that is difficult in a Classified environment where disinformation also exists. But, to ignore it is autogenocide and to allow it is, too.

One solution is to presume a possible worst-case scenario as has been done in countless fictional tales, including H.G. Wells’s The Shape of Things to Come, which speculates on future events from 1933 until the year 2106 and changes in the nature of war.

SHAPING our future based on Spirituality, Heartfulness, Abilities, Process, and Experience might help us overcome our flawed thinking and myopia. Wells proposed a Utopian world state but today this looks like another poisonous “cure.” Some suggest this impossible dream itself was a toxic meme deliberately planted to raise false expectations in an entire generation for purposes of control and manipulation. We need to be very practical in our approach, working with what we have to assure a viable future.

The Nemesis of our undoing may be microscopic – an invisible peril. “As below, so above.” The metaphor of Pandora’s Box with all its uncontainable ills includes both biological and fear factors. This cautionary tale might be the guiding myth of our times, a variant of the malevolent genii in the bottle. We may be going exactly where we are heading with our vampyric research that sucks the very life from our society. The word biowarfare evokes an image of terrorism.

“For ere this [the opening of Pandora’s jar] the tribes of men lived on earth remote and free from ills (kakoi) and hard toil (ponoi) and heavy sickness (nosoi) which bring the Keres (Fates) upon men; for in misery men grow old quickly. But the woman took off the great lid of the jar (pithos) with her hands and scattered all these and her thought caused sorrow and mischief to men. . . countless plagues (lugra), wander amongst men; for earth is full of evils and the sea is full. Of themselves diseases (nosoi) come upon men continually by day and by night, bringing mischief to mortals silently; for wise Zeus took away speech from them. So is there no way to escape the will of Zeus.” – Hesiod, Works and Days 90 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.).

In Egypt, even the gods became ill and sought the healing help of other divinities. Temples prepared prescriptions for divinities and humans and the methods of curing were identical. In most Homeric literature it is the arrows of the gods Apollo and Artemis which bring plague. Sudden illness was ascribed to Pan. In Latin poetry various aspects of pestilence and disease were personified, including Morbus (Disease), Pestis and Lues (Pestilence), Macies (Wasting, Emaciation), and Tabes (Corruption).

In Oedipus, Teiresias complains of grim Erinys’s (Vengeance) shriekes, and blind Furor [Lyssa, fury] and Horror [Phrike, horror], and “all the forms which spawn and lurk midst the eternal shades [i.e. in the underworld]: Luctus [Penthos, grief], tearing her hair; Morbus [Nosos, disease], scarce holding up her wearied head.”

Other baleful horrors include Letum [Ker, ruin] and Lues [Ker or Nosos, pestilence], Mors [Thanatos, death], Labor [Ponos, hardship], Tabes [Phthisis, corruption] and Dolor [Algos, distress]. The blasting Fatae [Keres, fates], quaking terror of Morbus [Nosos, disease], Macies [Ischnasia, wasting], and black Pestis [Ker or Nosos, pestilence], and mad Dolor [Algos, despair] can also be guides.

The Gods of Generation and Destruction constantly war with one another. BW has spawned numerous movies: The Andromeda Strain [1971], Outbreak [1995], 12 Monkeys [1996], Mission Impossible 2 [2000]) and books (The Coming Plague [1995], The Hot Zone [1995], The Cobra Event [1998], Rainbow Six [1999]. In Gore Vidal’s 1978 novel, Kalki, the hypocritical antihero insanely plans to end the human race using a terminal virus, a biological agent to cleanse the planet and repopulate it with his own seed. The last great plague “solves” the problem of excessive humanity. In the ambiguous film, ‘V for Vendetta’ [2005] it is difficult to say if scientists, by injecting prisoners, are trying to develop a cure for a virus or develop a biological weapon. ’12 Monkeys’ [1995] explored a similar theme of a deliberately released lethal virus through the added dimension of time travel hindsight.

Dark Biology

Bioweaponeers include scientists, doctors, intelligence, politicos, lawyers, technicians, military, industrialists and businessmen led by the horrible power of fanatics and arrogant leaders. The bioterrorist is in a class of his own, potentially creating a literal epidemic of crime. Each frames the landscape from a particular point of view and agenda. Their first step is rationalizing the ethically repugnant.

Drug companies, lobbies and labs are the military-industrial nexus point. ‘Hotspots’ are the targets. Chemical weapons are categorized as Nerve, Blood, Blister, and Incapacitating agents. When you leave the area you leave the risk. Plague wars are an inherent systemic risk. What could be more diabolical than war for profit? The nefarious alchemy of designer disease is fraught with collateral damage. The diseased population, not the disease, becomes the enemy.

The turning points of civilization are marked by war and technology. BW, with its rainbow of insidious killers, is the deadliest form of warfare. To understand war, we have to look at its myths. Crimes against humanity are older than war itself. When did alchemy become biological warfare? Biowarfare, in particular, is a dark kind of penetration of our minds and bodies. This Voodoo biology, the cruelest weapon of all, trickles down to all members of society. No one is immune.

War is our societal disease; permanent war is a malignancy that devours hearts and souls. As war begs for meaning in the midst of chaos, to fathom it we have to fathom our own depths, our collective shadow, facing the looming specter of socially-engineered autogenocide. In the silent war, invisibly conceived and executed, we are weathered away by stress, shortages of jobs and resources, and threats to our autonomy. The powerless are targeted for elimination from society.

Political Plague

All war is pre-emptive population control if not outright genocide. Historically, non-conventional biowarfare destroys civilizations. Homelessness, hunger and despair accompany disease. Silent siege and silent slaughter masks the crime of indirectly killing people. Poverty and oppression are indirect killers in class war – in the new eugenics, reduced to a psychopathic formula of Behavior, Outcome and Benefit.

Even if disease were a punishment of the gods, in biowarfare it becomes a coopted weapon of mankind. Where is the god of moral disease? Does mankind seek to become god-like in this kind of meddling? In the history of biowarfare, this is how man unleashes monster and monster bites back. Where is god when humans experiment on one another, selecting the means of death? Biological warfare has its own magical properties.

Not just a spiritual fairytale, there are psychological realities behind the masks of gods and goddesses. A universal constant of cultures is that gods and goddesses have inspired fear and been associated with disease and healing, demanding sacrifices and tribute. Uniting the opposites, they paradoxically embody both cause and relief from disease. This convolution makes them gateways of transformation.

What happens when these latent gods do make their presence known? Smallpox, for example, has been associated with the Indian goddess Shitala mata, and her Chinese counterpart T;ou-Shen Niang-Niang. Those afflicted would visit and make donations and pray for healing at the shrine. But the gods are not perfect. Maybe in biowarfare, we worship the devouring goddess of terror Kali, or the shape-shifting god Set or many-faced Shiva of chaos and destruction. All weapons collapse the opposition between moral behavior and national security.

What are we willing to give up to continue pretending that we don’t die? Is the worship of external gods and goddesses our method of taking power out of our own hands and minds. Is disease the way they get back inside? Aren’t charms and potions forms of biological warfare? Therein lies the mystery. The battlefield is within – among pathogens and poisons, intrigue, and fear of individual and global dissolution.

Prescribing Pestilence

When a pathological society prescribes debilitating or lethal agents to solve problems like overpopulation paradox ensues. The diabolical work is institutionalized, compartmentalized. No one knows how long infectious agents last in the environment. The cure is a poison, as is often the case. We prepare for rapidly transmitted virulent pandemics and are confronted with the prospect of mandatory vaccination with toxin-laden medicine for diseases that appear engineered to begin with.

Or, conversely, an old foe itself can become friend. A malaria vaccine is being developed using live infected mosquitoes to inoculate patients. Moving from the lab to the real world, the new study suggests that the whole malaria parasite is the most potent immunizing agent when used as a vaccine. Malaria parasites have become less susceptible to artemisinin, creating an urgent need to develop a vaccine.

People can develop immunity to malaria if exposed to it many times. The drug chloroquine kills parasites in the final bloodstream phase, when they are most dangerous. A Dutch study showed, combining once-a-month exposure to 12 mosquitoes with malaria parasites and simultaneous protection stimulates natural immunity. A commercial developer in Rockville, Md. is preparing weakened, irradiated immature parasites, as a ‘safer’ alternative.
The 2009 H1N1 flu virus required a new vaccine because current seasonal vaccines are ineffective against it. Its genetic code is a variant of human, swine, and avian flu strains, all mixed together into a mutant strain that current treatments cannot recognize. By 2012 labs are switching from egg-based to lab-grown cell-based production which is much quicker. Cells can be grown more rapidly than eggs and stored in far larger quantities.
Maybe the toxic cure contains mercury, or maybe it is old, or perhaps it is contaminated with animal virus or carries some other accidental or purposive hidden danger, such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS). The Health Protection Agency says, GBS “attacks the lining of the nerves, causing paralysis and inability to breathe, and can be fatal.” What is more dangerous, the propaganda, the flu or neurological effects?

There are six phases in the emergence of pandemic: Phases one and two are the low risk Interpandemic Period; three, four, and five are Pandemic Alert; and phase six a fully evolved global influenza pandemic. During phase three, the initial phase of the Pandemic Alert Period, human strains of the influenza virus begin to appear, but the risk of a large-scale outbreak is still low.

During phases four and five, the influenza virus begins to jump from person to person. Individuals who have had contact with symptomatic persons are asked to voluntarily quarantine themselves. Phase six represents a fully evolved pandemic situation. The government of the affected county or counties may implement emergency powers and impose compliance.

There is also resistance to the WHO’s global vaccination programs, based on attitudes about deity. Are the killers of humanity ecologically necessary to cull the population? Have aggressive public health campaigns against global scourges actually harmed the ecosystem by attacking and undermining indigenous spirituality?

Social action is also a response to pain and suffering. In attempting to alleviate it we can cause even more. Even if we speak in the psychological “as if” reality, the gods seem to inevitably require human sacrifice, one way or the other. But the future of our planet requires new myths and archetypes. Will it be of a cannibalistic social system that consumes its own in a perversion of human sacrifice as war, famine, crime and suicide?

With their own styles of fractal logic, they have prescribed treatments and dictated certain activities from insight, to irrelevant to counterproductive. Some being more feared than loved, they inspired reverent worship and apprehension. If some gods and goddesses are willing to remain in the background, Nemesis, Goddess of Vengeance and Retribution is not, working out her own agenda with a variety of lethal means.

If gods are diseases, what does it mean when one makes you his abode, his temple? Are the gods and goddesses desperate enough to encroach and illegally occupy us? Can this be more than superstition? Or is a trick of overweening priestcraft? Do some need to die so others can live well?

Diabolical Sacrifice

If electro-medicine devices can kill all known pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and fungi with resonant frequencies then vaccines and antibiotics become largely unnecessary. Biological warfare becomes much less fearsome, but the gods and goddesses still live on in our psyches, even if we have fantasies of defeating disease.

What price will we pay for worshipping false deities? Will a biological Ragnarok decide the fate of humanity? Will the dreadful goddess Fate (the Inescapable) or Ananke (Necessity) determine our final outcome? The ancient Greeks knew enough to fear the wrath of these gods.

Humans are sacrificed so someone gains power in life. Athena is the goddess of wisdom and warfare, but biowarfare seems to reveal her sociopathic streak. We must seek meaning as zealously as the warrior Mars seeks the aphrodisiac beauty of Victory.

What does war want from us? Do societies “need” wars and scapegoats? Are we prepared to sacrifice ourselves? Is identification or dissociation the first step to catastrophe? What disturbed thinking has brought us to this treacherous threshold? What spiritual brinksmanship might save us from a fate worse than death?

War challenges us to reinvigorate the body-politic. To declare war ‘normal’ or perpetual does not eliminate its pathologies. The state does not guarantee self-preservation. If imagination is the driving force, the idea of an enemy (conditioned by our collective shadow, media, education and beliefs) can be as powerful as any real one.

When the enemy is named, war is declared. The real enemy is fear, itself. The adversary embodies that. Enmity takes many shapes, including self-loathing and projection or scapegoating onto others. This war gets under our skin. With biowarfare, we have concocted new diseases from the ghosts of the dead. These invaders want fresh blood. But perhaps we are mortally wounded before the battle has begun.

Stealth Agents

Words as our primary psychological tools are a psiops weapon. Buzzwords can narrow the range of our thoughts, even to the point of phobia or obsession. The rhetoric of biowarfare has impact because it carries body into the fray, stirring fantasy and nightmare. There is a god or psychic element in every disease. When the cure becomes the poison, we know we are in the realm of the Trickster.

Biowarfare is a predatory Trickster, an aspect of the collective shadow, in a culture infected with conceit and cycles of revenge. Like the magician, Trickster re-makes the world according to his own vision, fashioning it to his will. Dirty trickster, dirty war.

Biowarfare has insinuated itself so deep that this harrowing situation is part of the groundstate of our lives. Bio-meddling may save or destroy us, utterly. In selfish hands, even the Elixir of Life turns into a poison. Can we out-trick the Trickster, drinking his elixir yet avoiding its toxic effects?


All diseases aren’t physical. Gods force themselves symptomatically into awareness. We meet our rejected and repressed sacred potential at the center of diseases, individually and collectively. If “the gods have become diseases,” is it because we have not listened to the world’s psyche? Jung speaks of the desacralization of life, of our cultural world with the rage, madness and perversity that follows. Our symptoms of psychological illness speak volumes. Can our afflictions make us more sensitive?

Even with a vocabulary that is predominantly biological, what happens if we substitute ‘fantasy’ for ‘disease’? Biowarfare is a fantasy we have painted on the global landscape to project our evil, fear, malaise and pathology – our disgust with the human race. In some sick way, we identify with the parasites. In this sense, we are already infected and may be contagious.

Speech and myth share an identity that collapses contradictions. It is a linguistic disappearing act of consciousness and conscience. The ethical question remains: how can biowarfare be justified in any circumstances? And yet, historically, such has been the case. It is always mandated by if not justified by the agenda.

Every war has its stories of overt and covert germ warfare from infected animals and blankets, to mustard gas, to germ warfare in Korea, to Agent Orange, to modern hypermutable and hybrid agents. The poppy, a symbol of Demeter and Hekate, has been weaponized in the drug war. Even computers are subject to viral attack and societies are vulnerable to memes, informational viruses with variable scales of ‘truthiness,’ misinformation and disinformation. In some sense, politics is like an infectious disease.

Leaving No Germ Unturned

Governments have made biowarfare a political, social, economic and military priority. We have recruited, turned and made germs defect from their own ends to our own nefarious whims, mocking the goddesses Hygeia and Panacea, not to mention Gaea.

Biowarfare is also a theoretical tool and economic strategy. Biology is an arena for intimidation and the exercise of power – systematic generation of fear. Biowarfare is a virtual war on a different level of reality. It is a real dynamic which gives rise to truth and lies. Like nuclear bombs, biowarfare threatens a catastrophic endgame. What can possibly lift the curse?

Pan is the archetype of what we are not able to accept in our unconscious, phobias and obsessions with threat. Pandemic takes its name from the god Pan, inducer of panic even in the logical absence of threat. The real pandemic is fear. Pan embodies our nightmares of penetrating phallic aggression, of alien invasion of the self and collective. Like an ether, he could envelop us all.

Psychiatric casualties can be as real as any other. A hyperarousal of anxiety, panic attacks actively demonstrate that we are out of balance. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a chaotic state of hyper-reactive being. Perpetual panic suppresses the immune system, increasing vulnerability. With PTSD there is no prospect of personal peace.
In Chaos Theory, attractors describe the characteristic behavior of a dynamical system changing over time. Traumatic events, especially chronic events, act as “strange attractors” in consciousness which keep everything in their orbit, cycling wildly, unpredictably, but within the parameters of the attractor, reiterating the same cues over and over.

Biowarfare casts a spell. It induces its own form of shellshock, dissociating us from our humanistic core. PTSD is at an unprecedented high among military personnel and veterans, many of whom report suicidal thoughts. In PTSD, the trauma is perceived as continuously happen-ing, so one must remain hypervigilant. It’s a defensive posture. Is biowarfare a symptom of national hypervigiliance?


The Cold War was “imaginary,” taking place between nation-states fighting with propaganda, nuclear deterrence, military spending, and local wars. Asymmetrical conflicts may also be ideological and include corporate interests, or transnational crimes.

The distinction between governments, intelligence agencies, organized crime and private companies has become murkier. Bioterrorism is particularly well-suited to smaller groups. Biotechnology is sophisticated but not beyond the reach of non-state actors. Biowarfare has a chilling way of leveling power in the biopolitical playing field but the distinction between war and peace blurs.

If the Cold War was “imaginary,” the asymmetric war is “virtual,” that is, until it crawls under your skin with real consequences without borders. Paradoxically, the threat may come from home or abroad. The individual may have to surrender control over his own body before fighting begins. The prospect of accidental holocaust and genocidal massacre rears its ugly head. In biopolitics the fundamental divide, the border is between those who should live and those who “should” die.

Black Death

Biowarfare, as a narrative waiting for a script, forces us to examine our social and biological paradigms. If states are living bodies, all politics is biopolitics, which implies more than metaphorical meaning for toxic memes and ideologies as degenerative diseases or malignant developments. Cultures and subcultures are social organisms. Social elements perturb the body politic. Outbreaks of induced disease are biological explosions.

“For many decades millions of animals and innumerable vials of infectious material have been shipped around the world for commercial and biological warfare purposes. This world trade in deadly agents, coupled with the gene-splicing technology developed in the 1970s, has increased the dangers of new disease outbreaks. In addition, many new viruses have been passed around between various species of animals, and some of these viruses have been adapted to human tissue. This has resulted in the production of new laboratory diseases that have potential biowarfare capabilities. The biowarfare implications of all these scientific “advances” have led some conspiracy-minded people to suspect that the hand of man might be responsible for the outbreak of one or more of these newly emerging diseases.” (Cantwell)

Grim Alchemy

All biological knowledge is dual – medical and lethal, defensive and strategic – fault and default. All viruses have the capacity to warp the social fabric and dissolve national boundaries. As of August 2009, the WHO plans to vaccinate more than half the World’s population against the threat of swine flu pandemic. Or, is it a meme in the war for your mind, a viral pretext for military escalation? Let’s hope it isn’t a self-fulfilling prophecy.

The body politic is infected, but the diagnosis and prognosis remain unsure. Biology has lost its innocence to a slow-motion plague that never ends and to multiple assaults on good air, good water and good earth. WWIII is the silent war for your mindbody. When war directly inhabits your body you are forced to defend yourself.

Economic collapse, mind control, pandemic, famine and drought are its weapons. Air, water and the food-chain are easily weaponized. With or without cryptocratic coordination these forces are in play. Virtual tactics drive control architectures. The virtualities of scenarios collapse into contingent realities and actualities. The modeling of civilian populations remains deterministic, if nonlinear.

Risk Mismanagement

Global control establishments are run on the principles of chaos theory. Biowarfare is the strange attractor of global architectronics. Instigating turbulence is a sinister means of social control, paradoxically, where one becomes one’s own enemy. Regulating flow translates to institutional disturbance and policing populations.

Biological knowledge is power in the micro- and macrocosm. Control of free information flow is the first casualty as state violence becomes more fluid and intensifies. Brian Massumi describes programmed catastrophe as “virtualization of state violence, its becoming immanent to every co-ordinate of the social field, as unbounded space of fear.” Fear is the state-space.

Programmed catastrophe, the “accidental” architecture of control is riddled with conceptual viruses. Chaos theory demonstrates that as systemic processes cascade into dysfunctionality we are thrown into chaos and catastrophe. It’s going to be a bumpy ride. Fasten your seatbelts for social turbulence.

In complex dynamics, efforts to control the human security system perturb it, feeding the disorder itself. The switch flips from welfare to warfare. The war machine gradually infects all aspects of the state. Control dissolves in the vortical dynamics of population turbulence, cascading from micro to global scales. It has been said that the poison is in the cure. Is it also post-postmodern truism that the crime is in the solution?

Social Modulation

“Accident,” derived from the Latin accidens, signals the unanticipated, unexpected – the surprise failure of a system or product. Virilio recognized that the production of substance is simultaneously the invention of that substance’s accident. Failure seems programmed into the product from the moment of its production or implementation . . . breakdown or failure is less the deregulation of production than the production of a specific failure, or even a partial or total destruction.”(Virilio 1993 211)

“It is in order to function that a social machine must not function well.”(Deleuze & Guattari 1983 151) In this mutant neo-functionalism, megamachines function by breaking down; “Far from being a pathological consequence, the disequilibrium is functional and fundamental.” But radical surveillance becomes paramount. In the art of war, the only way to track your enemy is to become it. Paradoxically, to defend against microbial mayhem, we have created gigantic Frankenstein monsters that can eat us alive. In magic, all potions are meant to heal, poison or bewitch, like the elixir of persuasion.

Extreme events, expected or unexpected, can cascade into consequences where a single occurrence avalanches into a series of dynamic system failures, including economic and financial values. If we “follow the money,” financial catastrophe is the consequence of a realignment of the connection between economic and financial value, with economic value often not being destroyed. After disaster there is gradual self-organization of remaining elements.

Tempest in a Testube

Biowarfare (BW) exploits both naturally occurring and genetically manipulated organisms. As for all wars, controversial toxic agents were created for the drug war: paraquat for marijuana, Fusarium fungus for cocaine and synthetic herbicides and the fungus Pleospora papaveracea for opium poppies. A dangerous wheat stem rust threatened wheat fields in Iran in 2008. Is it a covert attack or coincidence?

According to Dr. Mark Wheelis, “Anti-agricultural biowarfare and bioterrorism differ significantly from the same activities directed against humans; for instance, there exist a variety of possibilities for economic gain for perpetrators, and the list of possible perpetrators includes corporations, which may have state-of-the-art technical expertise. Furthermore, attacks are substantially easier to do: the agents aren’t necessarily hazardous to humans; delivery systems are readily available and unsophisticated; maximum effect may only require a few cases; delivery from outside the target country is possible; and an effective attack can be constructed to appear natural. This constellation of characteristics makes biological attack on the agricultural sector of at least some countries a very real threat, perhaps more so than attack on the civilian population.” )
There is ample evidence that Cuba has been ground zero for covert biowarfare: In 1961, Operation Mongoose targeted cane fields and workers. Two outbreaks of swine flu, in 1971 and 1979, mandated the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of pigs. In 1981 hemorrhagic dengue fever crippled a quarter million people.
“Operation Marshall Plan” called for Havana to be blanketed with a cocktail of Venezuelan equine encephalitis and Q fever. A relentless barrage of attacks created outbreaks of exotic and previously unknown diseases targeting sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, egg, and dairy production. In 1990-91, bananas and honey were hit with debilitating infections. In 1996 Cubans demanded an investigation of ‘salting’ with Thrips palma, an insect parasite. (Bionoia) The US defends itself by accusing Cuba of biowarfare. Do we protest too much?
Clandestine use of biologicals is bioterrorism. Secrecy and contamination are a deadly threat. Some call the prospect of mandatory swine flu vaccination bioterrorism. BW is a multidimensional problem crossing many legal and illegal domains – human and civil rights, trade, disarmament, medicine, population control, etc. It is often tied up with other covert operations, nuclear and chemical interventions. Secret medical experiments are not new. They continue on Q fever, Valley Fever, Tularemia (rabbit fever) and more.

Each pathogen requires its own vector or delivery system. Some can be activated only in a field of specific electro-magnetic radiation. Many BW drugs, such as LSD, STP and Ecstasy, escaped their military and intelligence applications to become recreational, adding an “edge” to the “hot stuff” nickname.

Counterculture was a meme fostered in the cultural cold war by Tavistock Institute and the CIA through such groups as The Brotherhood of Eternal Love (the LSD “Hippie Mafia”), trickster Tim Leary, and Vito Paulekas & the Freaks, the dance troupe who created the 60’s LA music scene style while CIA’s “Mighty Wurlitzer” propaganda machine played America for all it was worth. Through psycho-management, counterculture became a vector for cultural disruption. Even your rebellions are programmed.

A dauntingly large number of infectious organisms and biological toxins can be used to attack people, animals and plants. Biothreats for humans encompass all branches of the microbial kingdom, including: bacteria (anthrax, plague, brucellosis, tularaemia); rickettsia (typhus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q Fever); viruses (smallpox, influenza, dengue fever, various encephalitis viruses and the haemorrhagic fever agents, Ebola, Marburg and Lassa); fungi (coccidioidomycosis); and toxins (botulinum, Staphylococcal enterotoxin b, shigella, ricin, aflatoxin).

In 2002, the NATO biowarfare defense handbook listed 31 human pathogens of concern. The grim list of potential biological weapons includes hepatitis A, B and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, dengue fever and salmonella (contained in BioSafetyLevel-2 labs). Anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, SARS, tuberculosis, typhus, Coxiella burnetii, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and yellow fever (BSL-3 labs). Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, Lassa fever, and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever are dealt with in highest-containment BSL-4 labs.

Most research and development is still conducted at Fort Detrick, MD., Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore labs, Pine Bluff, AR. and Dugway Proving Ground, UT. The National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility (BSL-4), which replaces Plum Island, is under construction in tornado-prone Manhattan, Kansas. (FOIA Feasibility Study here: ) Hurricanes and earthquakes and electrical loss threaten many facilities.

Double Think

Biowarfare is a tragic Medusa that paralyzes us in our tracks in the dark snakepit of fear. To stare into her eyes is to stare into the Abyss, or some might claim the ‘Evil Eye’ of the Illuminati. Athena gave the revealing gift to Asclepius (the healer) of two drops of the Gorgon’s blood. One has the power to cure and even resurrect, while the other is a deadly poison.

Medusa’s blood is therefore the epitome of the ‘pharmakon.’ The ‘pharmakos’ is the scapegoat whose sacrifice establishes the dual nature of the sacred and reinforces the separation of the monster and the god, the deadly killer or the cure. Others say that Athena and Asklepius divided the blood between them; he used it to save lives, but she to destroy and instigate wars.

Such is the nature of our compartmentalized thinking about biowarfare and vaccine preparedness. Defensive “preparedness” has only led to spiraling cycles of mismanagement and abuse that perpetuate rather than eliminate the lethal threat. Contaminants in vaccines include animal diseases, microbes and heavy metals such as mercury. The scale of the killing or incapacitation can reach global proportions. Mass extermination might even be the endgame of some players if conspiracy researchers are correct.
The real issue is the fact that we have competing agendas and multiple players – bioweaponeers – and multiple agents in terms of bacteria, viruses, fungi; multiple targets within humans, plants, and animals; multiple environments in which that can occur. How do we mobilize against an unexpected threat, whether it is natural or engineered? Experts point out, we have no surge on demand manufacturing capability even once a pathogen is identified. Multiple scenarios demand a wide spectrum of defense postures.
Scenarios are endless: if you want to hire a group of biomercenaries to put on an island somewhere, you can write our own scenario. Do you want to disable or neutralize the enemy? Do you want to kill millions or do you actually just want to sustain a pattern of psychological operations against the adversary? Do you actually want to declare a priori that you will strike a city every third Friday, not to kill people, but merely show an ability to render society vulnerable and erode confidence in government?
Sinister Research

Even without nefarious intent, epidemics on our overpopulated planet are inevitable, a matter of not if, but when. Scientists have just identified a genomic “signature” in circulating blood that reveals exposure to common upper respiratory viruses, like the cold or flu, even before symptoms appear. Genomic signature in blood identifies underlying viral infection Access to critical care and profiling of pathogens may determine who lives and who dies when vaccines pose their own dangers. Diagnostic biotech sensors – so-called zebra chips — are being developed to fill this gap.

Faster identification saves lives when pathogens first appear imbedded in the medical system. Similar symptomology compounds the diagnostic problem. Identifying those infected but presymptomatic is valuable. In terms of international public health surveillance, the ability of natural infectious disease to spread globally becomes a national security threat in its own right.

This “silent war” has raged on its own throughout human history, taking advantage of our vulnerability to drugs, toxins, chemicals and pathogens. Since ancient times, poisons, smallpox and plague were weaponized. Sewage and rotting bodies used as ammunition in medieval sieges were the ultimate biological weapons.

By WWII, Japan’s Unit 731 honed biological weapons (anthrax, cholera, plague and typhoid) to an art of war. As victors, the US eagerly grabbed their research. Nazi scientists brought BW research to the U.S. under Project Paperclip. The U.S. and Soviet Union investigated numerous pathogens and delivery systems, certainly spying and even stealing from each other. Poor control in deployment makes BW of little military use because pathogens can spread out of control. But when nations claim to abandon biowarfare or other strategies it usually means R&D has just gone “dark.”

Millennial “Bug”
Nearly everyone is vaccinated against polio and smallpox. The process of doing so in the last century exposed many to carcinogenic monkey virus, whose legacy we see today. Once again there was poison in the cure.
. “A monkey virus linked to human cancers may have contaminated the oral polio vaccine for years after the U.S. government ordered manufacturers to remove it. The Chronicle reported in 2001 that the simian virus SV40 had contaminated early polio vaccine given to millions of Americans. When health officials discovered in 1961 that SV40 caused malignant tumors in lab animals, they ordered the virus eliminated from all future vaccine. But internal memos from Lederle Laboratories, the chief producer of polio vaccine in the United States, indicate SV40 may not have been completely removed. According to one memo, SV40 was found in three of 15 lots of the oral vaccine seven months after the federal directive was issued in March 1961. Lederle released the contaminated vaccine to the public anyway, the memo shows. Scientists discovered SV40 in the Salk polio vaccine in 1960. By then as many as 30 million Americans had been given injections of the SV40-tainted polio vaccine, which was first licensed in 1955. In recent years more than 60 scientific studies have found SV40 in rare human brain, bone and lung-related cancers, the same kinds of tumors the virus caused in laboratory animals. Some scientists believe SV40 may play a role in causing those cancers. The Lederle documents, which were obtained by Philadelphia attorney Stanley Kops in litigation not related to SV40, raise the possibility the virus might have been transmitted by contaminated oral vaccine, licensed for production in 1962.”
Y2K wasn’t the real Millennial Bug of the 21st century. History may show it comes from the singular act in 1997 of digging and retrieving virus from Spanish Flu victims of the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic frozen in permafrost near an Eskimo village. This pandemic killed 50 million people worldwide. Frozen cadaver tissue wad shipped to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Rockville, Maryland. The virus’s genetic RNA material was identified and the 1918 Spanish flu was successfully brought back to life. Scientists researching pandemic flu strains have, since the recreation of the 1918 flu, been playing fast and loose with flu samples.
There is ample evidence to suggest this virus was combined with others. It escaped the lab, either deliberately or accidentally and has created a situation that allegedly warrants global vaccination. The genetic material has been re-engineered to synthetically create what is now known as the A/H1N1 virus, or as the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) calls it, the “novel flu.”
The A/H1N1 influenza contains genetic material from two strains of swine flu, two strains of human flu, and a single strain of avian flu. Its genetic code is now in public databases, where other researchers can download it to conduct experiments. Scientists from the University of Wisconsin and the National Microbiology Laboratory in Canada have already collaborated to reconstruct the virus from the publicly available sequence. How easy would it be for a bioterrorist to exploit the same information for malevolent ends?
H digging up Spanish flu victims; engineering bird and swine flu.>
Though they can be contaminated with animal viruses or mercury used as a preservative, in 2009, government officials say vaccine makers and federal officials will be immune from lawsuits that result from any new swine flu vaccine, under a document signed by Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius.

Dirty Secrets

Chemtrail protestors claim this ultimate poisonous aerosol is a deliberate blanket attack on the populace. Immunosuppresant barium salts, mycoplasma and pollutants are named culprits. It wouldn’t be the first time that mass distribution was inflicted on the unwitting public at large.

The BW problem is both domestic and transnational. Despite broad-sweeping 1972 treaties, we have found new means to deliberately weaponize natural and artificially engineered viruses and bacteria. Many claim AIDS and SARS were genetically-engineered [ ]. Other abuses range from mismanagement, to dirty vaccines, to secret use of uninformed civilians as guinea pigs, to genetic targeting and more. In most cases, government or military “spyentists” claim the public has no “need to know.” It is just ‘psiops,’ as usual, full-spectrum psychophysical control in action.

Even more horrifically, state-sponsored programs can escape or be hijacked as bioterrorism threats. Despite treaty bans, a relentless search for the “superbug” continues. In 1989, Vladimir Pasechnik defected to Britain with tales of a genetically-manipulated “superplague” and missile delivery systems. When the Soviet system broke down, scientists put their expertise for sale in the black market. Massive biodefense spending has not made us immune.

Weapons of Mass Infection

Classified secrets are tightly held until something escapes high-containment labs. In the mid-70s lyme disease apparently escaped from Plum Island, a Department of Agriculture facility near New York City that doubles as an Army BW research facility. It is a truism that “the poison is in the cure.” When the defense vaccines pose their own dangers, the system itself is sick, presenting a double bind.

Who knows what demons lurk in clandestine freezers and what might yet be created, despite the Biological Weapons Convention? Even cults have used poisonous salmonella, ricin, and lethal sarin gas in their deadly plots. [ ] There are accusations that emerging diseases, such as Swine and Bird flu are genetically-engineered and that West Nile Virus was weaponized.

The mind reels over potential technological revolutions in nano- and genetic agents for evil or good. In May 2009, a nanosuit infused with Reactive Surface Treatment (RST) that repels and kills anthrax spores was announced. Designed to protect troops from BW agents, other applications of self-cleaning fabric include antibacterial sportswear.

Military fabrics can also be oil-resistant, self-extinguishing, or chemical agent-reactive. Biotech meets nanotech in smart-systems biowarfare detection devices — photonic and nanotronic biosensor arrays that can immediately detect pathogens and insure public safety.

Leading biotech and biowarfare expert, George Poste is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In 2005, the CFR hosted a conference on the global threat of pandemic influenza, a Who’s Who of infectious diseases and global health, including a session on what the world would look like after a pandemic.
Hoyle and Wickramasinghe at the University of Wales at Cardiff suggest that flu epidemics and perhaps other illness can rain down on us from space. They present data correlating high sunspot activity with flu pandemics (large-scale epidemics), driven by a roughly 11-year cycle of solar activity. [ ] Who knows what else space might have in store for humanity but can it be any worse than the heinous measures we inflict on ourselves? Widescale experimentation with mycoplasmas and other agents may already have made us all ticking timebombs. [ ]
“Wet Operations”
Furthermore, being a microbiologist can be hazardous to your health. Between Nov 12, 2001 and Mar 25, 2002, 13 renowned microbiologists mysteriously died in less than five months. The list of those who have died under mysterious circumstances keeps growing from LSD-patsy Frank Olson (d. 1953) to the “suicide” of accused anthrax murderer, the August 2008 “suicide” of Bruce E. Ivins, (Amerithrax pathogen) and the “suicide” of British whistleblower Dr. David Kelley in July 2003.
A transnational deadly pattern emerges. By 2005, 40 world-class micro-biologists expired in less than 4 years, all under suspicious circumstances. All worked for a government, or government contractors, on projects related to bio-terrorism, flu pandemics, or anthrax. Then it was discovered that our government was involved in strange experiments that involve exhuming bodies of people that were killed by the 1918 Spanish flu, and genetically engineered flu viruses.
Kelly was head of biological defense at the British secretive military research establishment of Porton Down, Wiltshire, and the brain behind much of the West’s germ warfare programs. According to Burghardt (2009), Kelly may have been a target of Dick Cheney’s “Executive Assassination Ring.” It’s hard to say what was more damning, his accusations that Saddam Hussein had no WMDs or his direct knowledge of genetically-targeted bioweapons and nefarious experiments.
Kelly was linked to the Britain’s intelligence services MI5 and MI6, GCHQ, the Ministry of Defense (MoD), the Foreign Office and foreign spy agencies – including Israel’s notorious Mossad (since 1995). A documentary, “Anthrax Wars,” is set for release in 2009. (Reid)
Kelly helped orchestrate the defection of Vladimir Pasechnik in 1989 so he had knowledge of horrifying Soviet research, as well. As chief director of the Institute for Ultra-Pure Biological preparations in St Petersburg, Pasechnik had developed killer germs. ‘I want the West to know of this. There must be a way to stop this madness,’ he told Dr Kelly in a safe house. (Reid)
Microbiologist Dr. Vladimir Pasechnik headed the Soviet bioweapons program at the Biopreparat facility. He was found dead in Wiltshire, England, near his home. In good health, he died suddenly in 2001 from a stroke some believe was induced by a nerve agent that mimics a stroke and leaves no traces. This began a string of mysterious deaths and obvious murders of world-class microbiologists, including Dr. Kelly.
On the Warpath
Biolgocial research conducted on Indian reservations is not subject to scrutiny by the federal government because they are sovereign nations. In the 70s, Wackenhut Corporation attempted to sell “biological warfare viruses” and vaccine kits to the U.S. government to be used against “small countries bordering Albania or large countries bordering the Soviet Union.” [ ]

William C. Patrick, III developed the process by which anthrax spores could be concentrated at the level of one trillion spores per gram. Patrick worked with Kanatjan Alibekov, known as “Ken Alibek” since he defected to the US in 1992. Remember, Alibek served as manager for a CIA biological warfare program in 1998. In Russia, Alibek was the No. 2 expert in the FSU’s biowarfare program, under Vladimir Pasechnik.

Ken Alibek became President of Hadron Advanced Biosystems, a subsidiary of Alexandria, Virginia-based Hadron, Inc., specializing in “the development of technical solutions for the intelligence community.” It received millions in funding for medical biodefense research in the field of non-specific immunity from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and the NIH.
Whistleblower Dr. David Kelly’s highly-questionable ‘suicide’ happened while exposing WMD fraud as well as a potentially bigger scandal — his own secret dealings in germ warfare with the apartheid regime in South Africa. He claimed there is a covert anthrax war, a global black market in anthrax involved in mystery “suicides” of five government germ warfare scientists from around the world. Kelly described “many dark actors playing games” of bioterrorism.
This Germ’s for You

The trigger has already been pulled on the smoking gun of biowarfare and we were all in the crosshairs. In the 1950s-70s, pathogenic mycoplasma were covertly released in top-secret “mock” attacks in the US and Canada. Dr Maurice Hilleman, chief virologist for the pharmaceutical company Merck Sharp & Dohme, stated that this disease agent is now carried by everybody in North America and possibly most people throughout the world. (Scott, 2001) Is this what they mean by “better living through chemistry?”

Testing open air dispersal on the domestic front contaminated virtually everyone and set time bombs ticking in many. The neurodegenerative and systemic-degenerative diseases are contagious but only manifest as active diseases if the recipient is genetically pre-disposed, has a compromised immune system, or a triggering trauma.

A Washington DC Microbiologist links Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) to the anthrax story, which led to the suspicious death of “mad scientist,” hypno-patsy Dr. Bruce Ivins. Mycoplasma contaminated anthrax vaccines were used in the Gulf Wars, giving rise to GWS. Mycoplasmas are normally benign but have been bioengineered into “new” diseases that are reaching epidemic proportions.

Similar to bacteria, mycoplasma are a group of small microorganisms without cell walls, between cells and viruses. They can invade and burrow very deep into the cell causing chromic infections. Normal mycoplasma infections produce relatively benign diseases limited to particular tissue sites or organs, but GWS strains are very pathogenic, colonize a variety of organs and tissues, and are very difficult to treat.

Mass Exposure

According to Dr. Shyh-Ching Lo, senior researcher at The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and one of America’s top mycoplasma researchers, infectious mycoplasmas are implicated in AIDS, cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome, GWS, Crohn’s colitis, Type I diabetes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Wegener’s disease and collagen-vascular diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Alzheimer’s. (Scott) Lyme Disease and West Nile Virus were also weaponized when the military explored mosquitoes as a delivery vector. Ironically, our biodefense program has created the very threat to US citizens it was meant to thwart.

Anthrax vaccine production continues. In February 1998, State Health Director James Haveman said the (Lansing-based) state- owned Michigan Biologic Products Institute would continue making the vaccine being given to U.S. active and reserve military personnel under a recent Pentagon directive. The mycoplasma story is associated with Michigan State in Lansing, Michigan. Tavistock is associated with Michigan University in Ann Arbor.

There are 400 bioweapon labs across the U.S. 113 of them refuse to publicly disclose their research. When it comes to Germ Warfare, we have met the enemy and unfortunately, it is us. Medical warfare also includes non-military methods exploiting existing civilian infrastructure to control and/or reduce target populations. As the adage goes, “It is never the same after a war.”

Bio-Terror has Already Affected Us All

“Scientists at The Institute for Molecular Medicine have found that slightly under one-half of the very sick Gulf War Illness patients in a pilot study with the signs and symptoms of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or Fibromyalgia have chronic invasive infections involving certain uncommon mycoplasmas, such as Mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain).” –Dr. Garth Nicolson

A Washington-based microbiologist, who wishes to remain cautiously anonymous for obvious reasons, claims there are many unresolved issues surrounding anthrax and anthrax vaccines. He links covert military experiments to creation of toxic mycoplasmas and Gulf War Syndrome spread through contaminated anthrax vaccine. But who would knowingly do such a thing and why? They’ve done it before and they’ll do it again.

Could the same forces be behind the August 2008 “apparent suicide” of hypno-patsy, Army research scientist Dr. Bruce E. Ivins? The Fort Detrick microbiologist worked on a biodefense vaccine for anthrax but wound up accused as the “mad scientist” behind the Anthrax Mailings of 2001 that proved fatal for five victims. Now dead, his innocence until proven guilty is forever moot. Is he another “suicide solution”?

Thanatopolitics: Social Power, Accelerated Social Change / Culled Population

We can follow the backtrail to governmentally sponsored anthrax to Gulf War Syndrome by following the “usual suspects.” When it comes to social or biological engineering, especially eugenics, the prime suspect is the perennial chimera of the globalist agenda, Tavistock Institute in Britain and one of its primary U.S. outposts, Michigan University, Ann Arbor.

Touchless Torture

Tavistock thinktank was created for healing shell shock but soon turned into the pioneering mass brainwashing institute with a globalist agenda. The precursor to the infamous CIA MK-ULTRA mind control program, Tavistock’s agenda is used to topple governments and engineer cultures. Tavistock’s spycologists are the founding fathers of mind control.

Tavistock’s goal is to control entire populations with the use of drugs, electronics and sophisticated mind control techniques, including group dynamics and lockdown propaganda. Research into the use of microwave weapons and their use for mind control began there in the 1950s. Tavistock was behind the creation and direction of the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI).

The Cryptocracy, through economics and mass mind control is involved in the transformation or “alchemical processing” of mass consciousness by psychological mind manipulation. With the help of these foundations and secret societies, experiments in world shaping continue multimedia and military campaigns. The goal is to seed and control megatrends so the masses live as controlled puppets – wage slaves — of the ruling elite from cradle to grave.

Their “endgame,” Thanatopolitics (autogenocide), includes radical population reduction employing a variety of pathogens and other means. Thus, Tavistock wrote the blueprint for germ biowarfare (BW) as well as drug and chemical assaults (CBW). A thinktank for the global shadow government, Tavistock plays a pivotal role in shaping political, social, educational, and economic ‘opinions’, especially in the United States. It manufactures trends, nations and wars.

Bushie Mission Statement Redux

August 18, 2009

In today’s complex and turbulent world it is vital to have futurists who can collaborate on collective projects, focus on action codified in exemplar projects and validate actions towards a better world. Unfortunately, current ‘education’ systems focus almost exclusively on the individual learner and have separated the learner from the praxis of the lived life. Furthermore, classrooms separate the learner from design, production and integration of learning into community life. The author argues that overcoming this separation of thinking and doing is one of the key challenges for modernity in future, in particular.

This paper argues that a way in which we may be able to meet this challenge is known by the term ‘bush mechanics’ in Australia—innovative individuals who look forward wisely and solve collective problems today through applying their ingenuity with what is available, thus integrating thinking, doing and being in what in ancient times was called poiesis and in Medieval times ‘artificing’ and today can be seen in action learning and the bush mechanic. The four principles, as well as examples, of the bush mechanic approach are discussed including their exemplar projects. Finally, the importance of the bush mechanic approach to ‘futuring’ and creating living breathing examples today of a future our children can live with is emphasised and collaboration sought.

–Paul Wildman, 2006

1. Introduction
2. The mismatch between conception and action

2.1. Emergence of the division between thinking and doing
2.2. Society as cephalocentric—accessing the overlooked mimetic epistemology of dexterity

3. From action learning to bush mechanic learning

3.1. Artificer learning—transforming praxis

4. Masterpiece—linking higher education, vocational training and the humble bush mechanic

4.1. A working definition of a bush mechanic/artificer
4.2. Related concepts

5. The four cardinal principles of the bush mechanic

5.1. Towards a revised definition of bush mechanic/artificer

6. Examples of bush mechanics and their exemplar projects
7. Integrating bush mechanicing into social and corporate design
8. Conclusion
9. Web References (accessed 10–01–2006)

The Venus Project – beyond politics, poverty & war

August 18, 2009
The Venus Project is an organization that proposes a feasible plan of action for social change, one that works towards a peaceful and sustainable global civilization. It outlines an alternative to strive toward where human rights are no longer paper proclamations but a way of life.

We operate out of a 21.5-acre Research Center located in Venus, Florida.

When one considers the enormity of the challenges facing society today, we can safely conclude that the time is long overdue for us to reexamine our values, and to reflect upon and evaluate some of the underlying issues and assumptions we have as a society. This self-analysis calls into question the very nature of what it means to be human, what it means to be a member of a “civilization,” and what choices we can make today to ensure a prosperous future for all the world’s people.

At present we are left with very few alternatives. The answers of yesterday are no longer relevant. Either we continue as we have been with our outmoded social customs and habits of thought, in which case our future will be threatened, or we can apply a more appropriate set of values that are relevant to an emergent society.

Experience tells us that human behavior can be modified, either toward constructive or destructive activity. This is what The Venus Project is all about – directing our technology and resources toward the positive, for the maximum benefit of people and planet and seeking out new ways of thinking and living that emphasize and celebrate the vast potential of the human spirit. We have the tools at hand to design – and build – a future that is worthy of the human potential. The Venus Project presents a bold, new direction for humanity that entails nothing less than the total redesign of our culture. What follows is not an attempt to predict what will be done – only what could be done. The responsibility for our future is in our hands, and depends on the decisions that we make today. The greatest resource that is available today is our own ingenuity.

While social reformers and think tanks formulate strategies that treat only superficial symptoms, without touching the basic social operation, The Venus Project approaches these problems somewhat differently. We feel we cannot eliminate these problems within the framework of the present political and monetary establishment. It would take too many years to accomplish any significant change. Most likely they would be watered down and thinned out to such an extent that the changes would be indistinguishable

The Venus Project advocates an alternative vision for a sustainable new world civilization unlike any social system that has gone before. Although this description is highly condensed, it is based upon years of study and experimental research by many, many people from many scientific disciplines.

The Venus Project proposes a fresh approach–one that is dedicated to human and environmental concerns. It is an attainable vision of a bright and better future, one that is appropriate to the times in which we live, and both practical and feasible for a positive future for all the world’s people.

The Venus Project calls for a straightforward approach to the redesign of a culture, in which the age-old inadequacies of war, poverty, hunger, debt, environmental degradation and unnecessary human suffering are viewed not only as avoidable, but totally unacceptable.

One of the basic premises of The Venus Project is that we work towards having all of the Earth’s resources as the common heritage of all the world’s people. Anything less will simply result in a continuation of the same catalog of problems inherent in the present system.

Throughout history, change has been slow. Successive groups of incompetent leaders have replaced those that preceded them, but the underlying social and economic problems remain because the basic value systems have gone unaltered. The problems we are faced with today cannot be solved politically or financially because they are highly technical in nature. There may not even be enough money available to pay for the required changes, but there are more than enough resources. This is why The Venus Project advocates the transition from a monetary-based society to the eventual realization of a resource-based global economy.

We realize to make the transition from our present culture, which is politically incompetent, scarcity-oriented and obsolete, to this new, more humane society will require a quantum leap in both thought and action.

An Obsolete Monetary System

The money-based system evolved centuries ago. All of the world’s economic systems – socialism, communism, fascism, and even the vaunted free enterprise system – perpetuate social stratification, elitism, nationalism, and racism, primarily based on economic disparity. As long as a social system uses money or barter, people and nations will seek to maintain the economic competitive edge or, if they cannot do so by means of commerce they will by military intervention. We still utilize these same outmoded methods.

Our current monetary system is not capable of providing a high standard of living for everyone, nor can it ensure the protection of the environment because the major motive is profit. Strategies such as downsizing and toxic dumping increase the profit margin. With the advent of automation, cybernation, artificial intelligence and out sourcing, there will be an ever-increasing replacement of people by machines. As a result, fewer people will be able to purchase goods and services even though our capability to produce an abundance will continue to exist.

Our present, outmoded political and economic systems are unable to apply the real benefits of today’s innovative technology to achieve the greatest good for all people, and to overcome the inequities imposed upon so many. Our technology is racing forward yet our social designs have remained relatively static. In other words cultural change has not kept pace with technological change. We now have the means to produce goods and services in abundance for everyone.

Unfortunately, today science and technology have been diverted from achieving the greatest good for reasons of self-interest and monetary gain through planned obsolescence sometimes referred to as the conscious withdrawal of efficiency. For example, the U. S. Department of Agriculture, whose function is presumed to be conducting research into ways of achieving higher crop yields per acre, actually pays farmers not to produce at full-capacity. The monetary system tends to hold back the application of these methods that we know would best serve the interests of people and the environment.

In a monetary system purchasing power is not related to our capacity to produce goods and services. For example, during a depression, there are computers and DVD’s on store shelves and automobiles in car lots, but most people do not have the purchasing power to buy them. The earth is still the same place; it is just the rules of the game that are obsolete and create strife, deprivation and unnecessary human suffering.

A monetary system developed years ago as a device to control human behavior in an environment with limited resources. Today money is used to regulate the economy not for the benefit of the general populace, but for those who control the financial wealth of nations.

Resource Based Economy

All social systems, regardless of political philosophy, religious beliefs, or social customs, ultimately depend upon natural resources, i.e. clean air and water, arable land and the necessary technology and personnel to maintain a high standard of living.

Simply stated, a resource-based economy utilizes existing resources rather than money and provides an equitable method of distributing these resources in the most efficient manner for the entire population. It is a system in which all goods and services are available without the use of money, credits, barter, or any other form of debt or servitude.

Earth is abundant with plentiful resources; today our practice of rationing resources through monetary methods is irrelevant and counter productive to our survival. Modern society has access to highly advanced technologies and can make available food, clothing, housing, medical care, a relevant educational system, and develop a limitless supply of renewable, non-contaminating energy such as geothermal, solar, wind, tidal, etc. It is now possible to have everyone enjoy a very high standard of living with all of the amenities that a prosperous civilization can provide. This can be accomplished through the intelligent and humane application of science and technology.

To better understand the meaning of a resource-based economy consider this: if all the money in the world were destroyed, as long as topsoil, factories, and other resources were left intact, we could build anything we choose to build and fulfill any human need. It is not money that people need; rather, it is free access to the necessities of life. In a resource-based economy , money would be irrelevant. All that would be required are the resources and the manufacturing and distribution of the products.

When education and resources are made available to all people without a price tag, there would be no limit to the human potential. Although this is difficult to imagine, even the wealthiest person today would be far better off in a resource based society as proposed by The Venus Project. Today the middle classes live better than kings of times past. In a resource based economy everyone would live better than the wealthiest of today.

In such a society, the measure of success would be based on the fulfillment of one’s individual pursuits rather than the acquisition of wealth, property and power.

The Choice Is Ours To Make

Human behavior is subject to the same laws as any other natural phenomenon. Our customs, behaviors, and values are byproducts of our culture. No one is born with greed, prejudice, bigotry, patriotism and hatred; these are all learned behavior patterns. If the environment is unaltered, similar behavior will reoccur.

Today, much of the technology needed to bring about a global Resource-Based Economy exists. If we choose to conform to the limitations of our present monetary-based economy, then it is likely that we will continue to live with its inevitable results: war, poverty, hunger, deprivation, crime, ignorance, stress, fear, and inequity. On the other hand, if we embrace the concept of a global resource-based economy , learn more about it, and share our understanding with our friends, this will help humanity evolve out of its present state.
more –

Folk Psychology as Narrative Practice – JCS

August 17, 2009

Dear Prof Mailbom Thank you for your piece on folk psychology and model theory. In this piece on folk ψ in the journal of consciousness studies you state:

Practice matters because folk psychological knowledge is knowledge of the (empirical) world only if it is combined with knowledge of how to apply it. By combining the general and the particular in this way, model theory gives a deep and explanatorily satisfactory account of the centrality of practice.

From my perspective I very much agree and also suggest that FP situates action that is the potential for practice scaffolds the potential for actions in the first place – potentially a chirophilosophy. In Australia there is a phenomena called the Artificer /Bush Mechanic which in German means Volk Handworker or Folk Handworker so it is trans gendered. We also seek to use this approach in our child care centres and your paper has helped in this regard thanks.

This is a phenomena I have been studying with a colleague in the US (who referred me to your excellent article) now for a decade.

I would be most interested in liaising with you on this topic as, as you will see from below (please see blue for relevant sections) this broader topic, lies outside most Academic silos/faculties. There is a lot more info on this on our company website can direct you if relevant.

Ciao paul